Skip to menu Skip to content
Pilot

Arriva pilot, Ommelander Hospital

Arriva pilot, Ommelander Hospital
Location
Groningen, Netherlands
Date
From to
Project details

What

The Northern Netherlands region offers – in all aspects – everything it takes to allow autonomous transportation to become a sustainable feature of its whole future transportation system. Particularly within its public transportation there seem to be ample opportunities for various applications.

Offering transportation to all in every part of the region, shall contribute towards developing a vibrant and connected rural area. The primary focus in this context lies on livability and accessibility In order to achieve this, it is desirable to conduct various pilot projects over the coming years at different locations in our Northern region.

Budget and financing

The Province of Groningen is supplying the funds for the shuttle. The hosts and hostesses are employed by Arriva.

Featured News & Publications

View all updates

Next initiative

AutoMOST

Location
Málaga, Spain
Go to next initiative

Lexicon

7 words explained

platooning

Also known as flocking. A collection of (automated) vehicles that travel together, actively coordinated in formation. Platoons decrease the distances between vehicles using electronic, and possibly mechanical, coupling. Platooning allows many vehicles to accelerate or brake simultaneously.

urban setting

High density environment with an efficient high capacity public transport system with good capillarity and high frequencies.

suburban setting

Medium density environment with a good public transport system with radial connections to the city center, but lower capillarity and frequencies. This setting includes suburban cities.

small cities

Small, isolated city with an own public transport system and <100K inhabitants.

rural

Low-density environment, small cities and villages with poor public transport services mainly connecting the villages.

SAE level

The SAE (Society of Automotive Engineers) levels define the level of vehicle autonomy, or in other words, how much human intervention is still needed for an automated vehicle to operate. Currently, five SAE levels have been defined: Level 0: Automated system issues warnings and may momentarily intervene but has no sustained vehicle control. Level 1 (hands on): Driver and automatic system share vehicle control. The driver must be ready to retake full control at any time. Level 2 (hands off): The automated system takes full control of the vehicle (accelerating, braking, and steering). The driver must monitor the driving and be prepared to intervene immediately at any time if the automated system fails to respond properly. Level 3 (eyes off): The automated system takes full control of the vehicle (accelerating, braking, and steering). The driver must monitor the driving and be prepared to intervene immediately at any time if the automated system fails to respond properly. Level 4 (mind off): As level 3, but no driver attention is ever required for safety, e.g. the driver may safely go to sleep or leave the driver's seat. Level 5 (steering wheel optional): No human intervention is required at all. An example would be a robotic taxi.

V2X

Vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communication is the passing of information from a vehicle to any entity that may affect the vehicle, and vice versa.