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Pilot

AutoMOST

AutoMOST
Location
Málaga, Spain
Date
From to
Length
3 km
Project details

WHAT

AUTOMOST is a pilot programme taking place in Malaga, Spain. It has a fixed route and its access has been defined as coordinated-based. The pilot started in November 2017 and will end in October 2020. The system interacts with mixed traffic on public streets and pedestrian crossings. There are 5 stops on the route and the service is offered both scheduled and on-demand.

WHY

The objective of AutoMOST is developing technologies for the automation of vehicles in urban transport and industrial applications, and to increase significantly the efficiency, safety and environmental sustainability. More specifically, AutoMOST will allow the implementation of shared control systems (Dual-Mode) for future automated vehicles that allow the services operate more efficiently and flexibly, in a context of intelligent and connected infrastructures.

Budget and Financing

The budget is €9 million and the pilot is financed by the Spanish Government and as part of CIEN Project/ CDTI.

Challenges

Technical issues related to developing the service and also administrative coordination.

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HEAT

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Hamburg, Germany
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Lexicon

7 words explained

platooning

Also known as flocking. A collection of (automated) vehicles that travel together, actively coordinated in formation. Platoons decrease the distances between vehicles using electronic, and possibly mechanical, coupling. Platooning allows many vehicles to accelerate or brake simultaneously.

urban setting

High density environment with an efficient high capacity public transport system with good capillarity and high frequencies.

suburban setting

Medium density environment with a good public transport system with radial connections to the city center, but lower capillarity and frequencies. This setting includes suburban cities.

small cities

Small, isolated city with an own public transport system and <100K inhabitants.

rural

Low-density environment, small cities and villages with poor public transport services mainly connecting the villages.

SAE level

The SAE (Society of Automotive Engineers) levels define the level of vehicle autonomy, or in other words, how much human intervention is still needed for an automated vehicle to operate. Currently, five SAE levels have been defined: Level 0: Automated system issues warnings and may momentarily intervene but has no sustained vehicle control. Level 1 (hands on): Driver and automatic system share vehicle control. The driver must be ready to retake full control at any time. Level 2 (hands off): The automated system takes full control of the vehicle (accelerating, braking, and steering). The driver must monitor the driving and be prepared to intervene immediately at any time if the automated system fails to respond properly. Level 3 (eyes off): The automated system takes full control of the vehicle (accelerating, braking, and steering). The driver must monitor the driving and be prepared to intervene immediately at any time if the automated system fails to respond properly. Level 4 (mind off): As level 3, but no driver attention is ever required for safety, e.g. the driver may safely go to sleep or leave the driver's seat. Level 5 (steering wheel optional): No human intervention is required at all. An example would be a robotic taxi.

V2X

Vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communication is the passing of information from a vehicle to any entity that may affect the vehicle, and vice versa.