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Pilot

Avint

Avint
Location
Trikala, Greece
Date
From to
Length
8.5 km
Project details

What

AVINT is ICCS’ (research institute) new full service transport line that interconnects the city center, the local university and the intercity bus terminal of Trikala. The latter are two major points of interest which lie in the city outskirts and have poor transport services. The shuttle follows a fixed circular line of around 8.5km, is accessible on-demand, has nine coordinated based stops and is wheelchair accessible. Along its route the vehicle encounters mixed traffic and pedestrian crossings.

Why

The objective of AVINT is to better connect the city and its surroundings. Trikala’s vision is to increase safety in public transport while decreasing its environmental footprint. The city also believes in offering high quality public transport services while staying at the edge of innovation in this sector.

© ICCS. Avint - Route

© ICCS. Avint - Route

Budget & Financing

This project's budget is €1m and is financed by the GSRT (General Secretariat of Research and Technology) of Greece under the ESPA national framework.

Regulatory Framework

Currently the law allows pilot projects of fully automated vehicles for research purposes. There are however different constraints and limitations for each individual cases.

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Lexicon

7 words explained

platooning

Also known as flocking. A collection of (automated) vehicles that travel together, actively coordinated in formation. Platoons decrease the distances between vehicles using electronic, and possibly mechanical, coupling. Platooning allows many vehicles to accelerate or brake simultaneously.

urban setting

High density environment with an efficient high capacity public transport system with good capillarity and high frequencies.

suburban setting

Medium density environment with a good public transport system with radial connections to the city center, but lower capillarity and frequencies. This setting includes suburban cities.

small cities

Small, isolated city with an own public transport system and <100K inhabitants.

rural

Low-density environment, small cities and villages with poor public transport services mainly connecting the villages.

SAE level

The SAE (Society of Automotive Engineers) levels define the level of vehicle autonomy, or in other words, how much human intervention is still needed for an automated vehicle to operate. Currently, five SAE levels have been defined: Level 0: Automated system issues warnings and may momentarily intervene but has no sustained vehicle control. Level 1 (hands on): Driver and automatic system share vehicle control. The driver must be ready to retake full control at any time. Level 2 (hands off): The automated system takes full control of the vehicle (accelerating, braking, and steering). The driver must monitor the driving and be prepared to intervene immediately at any time if the automated system fails to respond properly. Level 3 (eyes off): The automated system takes full control of the vehicle (accelerating, braking, and steering). The driver must monitor the driving and be prepared to intervene immediately at any time if the automated system fails to respond properly. Level 4 (mind off): As level 3, but no driver attention is ever required for safety, e.g. the driver may safely go to sleep or leave the driver's seat. Level 5 (steering wheel optional): No human intervention is required at all. An example would be a robotic taxi.

V2X

Vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communication is the passing of information from a vehicle to any entity that may affect the vehicle, and vice versa.