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Catalonia Living Lab

Catalonia Living Lab
Location
Barcelona, Spain
Date
Started
Project details

What

Catalonia Living Lab is an automotive service provider using a public-private framework for the development and testing of connected and automated vehicle (CAV) technologies for the international automotive and research industry. It provides the main test environments required in the development process of CAV: from virtual simulation to laboratories, proving grounds and public roads. Between all partners involved, it covers the complete development cycle of CAV functionalities: from concept finding and design to integration and final validation.
When being tested the vehicles are on a closed circuit which can be predefined or customisable. Along their route they may encounter mixed traffic on private estates, mixed traffic on public streets and pedestrians crossing.

© Applus IDIADA. Catalonia Living Lab.

© Applus IDIADA. Catalonia Living Lab.

Why

The primary goal of Catalonia Living Lab is to cover all CAV related development and testing needs of the international automotive industry, with Catalan (public) infrastructures, facilities and services.

Regulatory Framework

Since 2015, a legal framework allows for public road testing of highly automated vehicles in Catalonia (Level 3, Level 4, Level 5).

© Applus IDIADA. Catalonia Living Lab - Routes and areas

© Applus IDIADA. Catalonia Living Lab - Routes and areas

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Lexicon

7 words explained

platooning

Also known as flocking. A collection of (automated) vehicles that travel together, actively coordinated in formation. Platoons decrease the distances between vehicles using electronic, and possibly mechanical, coupling. Platooning allows many vehicles to accelerate or brake simultaneously.

urban setting

High density environment with an efficient high capacity public transport system with good capillarity and high frequencies.

suburban setting

Medium density environment with a good public transport system with radial connections to the city center, but lower capillarity and frequencies. This setting includes suburban cities.

small cities

Small, isolated city with an own public transport system and <100K inhabitants.

rural

Low-density environment, small cities and villages with poor public transport services mainly connecting the villages.

SAE level

The SAE (Society of Automotive Engineers) levels define the level of vehicle autonomy, or in other words, how much human intervention is still needed for an automated vehicle to operate. Currently, five SAE levels have been defined: Level 0: Automated system issues warnings and may momentarily intervene but has no sustained vehicle control. Level 1 (hands on): Driver and automatic system share vehicle control. The driver must be ready to retake full control at any time. Level 2 (hands off): The automated system takes full control of the vehicle (accelerating, braking, and steering). The driver must monitor the driving and be prepared to intervene immediately at any time if the automated system fails to respond properly. Level 3 (eyes off): The automated system takes full control of the vehicle (accelerating, braking, and steering). The driver must monitor the driving and be prepared to intervene immediately at any time if the automated system fails to respond properly. Level 4 (mind off): As level 3, but no driver attention is ever required for safety, e.g. the driver may safely go to sleep or leave the driver's seat. Level 5 (steering wheel optional): No human intervention is required at all. An example would be a robotic taxi.

V2X

Vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communication is the passing of information from a vehicle to any entity that may affect the vehicle, and vice versa.