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Pilot

First STIB pilot campaign

First STIB pilot campaign
Location
Brussels, Belgium
Date
From to
Length
1.5 km
Project details

What

This pilot project is the first one of its kind in Brussels. The first phase of this project will consist of two shuttles following a fixed-route in a park with 5 station-based stops. It will be wheelchair accessible and will run on Fridays and weekends, on a defined schedule. During the first three months of this pilot, the automated shuttles will have no interactions with other vehicles but will encounter pedestrians crossing. The complexity of the traffic encountered by the shuttles and difficulty levels will be progressively increased in the following phases and sites of the project.

Why

© STIB/MIVB. First STIB pilot campaign.

Why

The PTO hopes to gain operational knowledge of this new technology during the one year lease of these shuttles.

Budget & Financing

The budget of this project is €400,000 EUR and it is financed by PTO (STIB-MIVB).

Regulatory Framework

Testing autonomous driving vehicles on public roads is allowed in Belgium under specific conditions. This is valid for all levels of autonomous driving (up to level 5). In the case of a driverless vehicle, an operator must be remotely supervising it from a control room.

© STIB/MIVB. First STIB pilot campaign - Area of pilot operation in Parc de Woluwé, Brussels.

© STIB/MIVB. First STIB pilot campaign - Area of pilot operation in Parc de Woluwé, Brussels.

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Lexicon

7 words explained

platooning

Also known as flocking. A collection of (automated) vehicles that travel together, actively coordinated in formation. Platoons decrease the distances between vehicles using electronic, and possibly mechanical, coupling. Platooning allows many vehicles to accelerate or brake simultaneously.

urban setting

High density environment with an efficient high capacity public transport system with good capillarity and high frequencies.

suburban setting

Medium density environment with a good public transport system with radial connections to the city center, but lower capillarity and frequencies. This setting includes suburban cities.

small cities

Small, isolated city with an own public transport system and <100K inhabitants.

rural

Low-density environment, small cities and villages with poor public transport services mainly connecting the villages.

SAE level

The SAE (Society of Automotive Engineers) levels define the level of vehicle autonomy, or in other words, how much human intervention is still needed for an automated vehicle to operate. Currently, five SAE levels have been defined: Level 0: Automated system issues warnings and may momentarily intervene but has no sustained vehicle control. Level 1 (hands on): Driver and automatic system share vehicle control. The driver must be ready to retake full control at any time. Level 2 (hands off): The automated system takes full control of the vehicle (accelerating, braking, and steering). The driver must monitor the driving and be prepared to intervene immediately at any time if the automated system fails to respond properly. Level 3 (eyes off): The automated system takes full control of the vehicle (accelerating, braking, and steering). The driver must monitor the driving and be prepared to intervene immediately at any time if the automated system fails to respond properly. Level 4 (mind off): As level 3, but no driver attention is ever required for safety, e.g. the driver may safely go to sleep or leave the driver's seat. Level 5 (steering wheel optional): No human intervention is required at all. An example would be a robotic taxi.

V2X

Vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communication is the passing of information from a vehicle to any entity that may affect the vehicle, and vice versa.