Mission to SPACE completed: UITP’s automated vehicles project draws to a close
UITP's mission to SPACE has been completed!
- 5 October 2021
Four Renault ZOE all-electric cars, equipped with autonomous systems developed by Transdev and Renault, are being tested on open roads. The vehicles follow a fixed route and are accessible on-demand. The tests cover all scenarios related to typical traffic conditions, such as other vehicles and pedestrians, intersections, roundabouts and building exits. The fleet will also feature an i-Cristal autonomous urban shuttle jointly developed by Transdev and Lohr. The i-Christal shuttle is wheelchair accessible. The vehicles will run on three loops covering 10.5km, with 17 stops across the district and a link to the Rouen public transportation system.
One of the key points of this project is that it is not only about autonomous vehicle, it is also about autonomous mobility integration into the existing public transport system. More than that, this project is also experimenting connected infrastructure and an Operating Control Centre (with a human operator for remote monitoring).
The objective of this project is to be the first on-demand transport service using autonomous electric vehicles on open roads in Europe. The development of expertise in autonomous mobility is a natural evolution for Transdev — combining rapidly emerging technology with their track record of operating safe, multimodal public transportation. Transdev is increasing its expertise as a provider of transportation services (operation, fleet management and customer relations) and also competencies in technologies for autonomous transport systems (supervision, user app, embedded software and smart infrastructure).
It has proven challenging to work both on autonomous vehicles and autonomous mobility integration into the existing public transport system. In addition to this, it has also been challenging to work on connected infrastructure and on the Operating Control Centre.
The average operational speed is 20 km/h. More results will be shared at the end of the trial.
UITP's mission to SPACE has been completed!
The SPACE Final Conference will take place on 30 September.
7 words explained
Also known as flocking. A collection of (automated) vehicles that travel together, actively coordinated in formation. Platoons decrease the distances between vehicles using electronic, and possibly mechanical, coupling. Platooning allows many vehicles to accelerate or brake simultaneously.
High density environment with an efficient high capacity public transport system with good capillarity and high frequencies.
Medium density environment with a good public transport system with radial connections to the city center, but lower capillarity and frequencies. This setting includes suburban cities.
Small, isolated city with an own public transport system and <100K inhabitants.
Low-density environment, small cities and villages with poor public transport services mainly connecting the villages.
The SAE (Society of Automotive Engineers) levels define the level of vehicle autonomy, or in other words, how much human intervention is still needed for an automated vehicle to operate. Currently, five SAE levels have been defined: Level 0: Automated system issues warnings and may momentarily intervene but has no sustained vehicle control. Level 1 (hands on): Driver and automatic system share vehicle control. The driver must be ready to retake full control at any time. Level 2 (hands off): The automated system takes full control of the vehicle (accelerating, braking, and steering). The driver must monitor the driving and be prepared to intervene immediately at any time if the automated system fails to respond properly. Level 3 (eyes off): The automated system takes full control of the vehicle (accelerating, braking, and steering). The driver must monitor the driving and be prepared to intervene immediately at any time if the automated system fails to respond properly. Level 4 (mind off): As level 3, but no driver attention is ever required for safety, e.g. the driver may safely go to sleep or leave the driver's seat. Level 5 (steering wheel optional): No human intervention is required at all. An example would be a robotic taxi.
Vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communication is the passing of information from a vehicle to any entity that may affect the vehicle, and vice versa.