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Commercial service

Route 85B

Route 85B
Oslo, Norway
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Project details


Ruter believes that shared autonomous mobility will play an important part of the future transportation system. We therefore want to be in front of the development to learn and utilize the technology advances in this area.

Route 85B operates with three vehicles in a neighbourhood, complementing another existing bus line to increase the frequency for passengers in the area. The vehicles operate on a fixed route/schedule, as an integrated part of the Oslo public transport network. The vehicles on site operate both in rush-hour and non-rush hour on weekdays and over the weekends.

The route covers regular public roads with mixed traffic with private cars and interaction with another traditional bus line. The route has ten bus stops, where nine of the ten stops are shared with the traditional bus line. Along the 1,3 km route you find relatively narrow roads, several pedestrian crossings and intersections.


Ruter wants to understand what self-driving vehicles can mean for everyday logistics in a neighbourhood. By increasing the frequency of public transport by using smaller self-driving vehicles, we aim to decrease the need for a private car in the given area. Given that it is also a relatively limited and restricted area, it is possible to investigate the actual effect of such an improvement.

At Nedre Bekkelaget we operate in a neighbourhood with a service that affects the everyday lives of those who live there. To offer a reliable and valuable service for the citizens of Nedre Bekkelaget, we need to manage to offer operational stability. Our focus is therefore to improve competencies and processes within participating organizations to enable stable and reliable operation. This is also a key success factor for enabling new, more complex projects in the months/years to come.

Art exhibition to improve Lidar navigation on route 85B

Art exhibition to improve Lidar navigation on route 85B


  • Need for additional infrastructure along the route to improve Lidar navigation
  • Need for higher frequency than normal for trimming vegetation along the route
  • Lower speed than expected on parts of the route
  • Optimizing interaction with existing bus line with low speed vehicles

Regulatory Framework

AV testing is enabled through a separate legislation and is obtained through a special permit from the Directorate of Public Roads.

Results & Evaluation

The project is still ongoing and intends to be in operation until the end of 2020. The service was launched late December 2019 with one vehicle, and during January two more vehicles were added to the service. Since the launch of one vehicle in December route 85B has had over 2000 traveling passengers, with a range from 30-100 passengers per day.

During a normal week the vehicles travel approximately 150 km per day from Monday to Friday, and close to 80 km on Saturdays and Sundays. The vehicles operate in a range from 12 km/h to 18 km/h depending on where it is on the traffic situation on the actual part of the route.

The first 3-4 weeks in service the operation was partially halted in periods due to technical issues with the vehicles. After this the vehicle reliability has increased noticeably. On some occasion’s operation has been halted due to challenging weather conditions such as rain and icy roads.

Reports from safety drives in the vehicles indicate that customer satisfaction is high, and no accidents have occurred so far.

Route map

Route map

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7 words explained


Also known as flocking. A collection of (automated) vehicles that travel together, actively coordinated in formation. Platoons decrease the distances between vehicles using electronic, and possibly mechanical, coupling. Platooning allows many vehicles to accelerate or brake simultaneously.

urban setting

High density environment with an efficient high capacity public transport system with good capillarity and high frequencies.

suburban setting

Medium density environment with a good public transport system with radial connections to the city center, but lower capillarity and frequencies. This setting includes suburban cities.

small cities

Small, isolated city with an own public transport system and <100K inhabitants.


Low-density environment, small cities and villages with poor public transport services mainly connecting the villages.

SAE level

The SAE (Society of Automotive Engineers) levels define the level of vehicle autonomy, or in other words, how much human intervention is still needed for an automated vehicle to operate. Currently, five SAE levels have been defined: Level 0: Automated system issues warnings and may momentarily intervene but has no sustained vehicle control. Level 1 (hands on): Driver and automatic system share vehicle control. The driver must be ready to retake full control at any time. Level 2 (hands off): The automated system takes full control of the vehicle (accelerating, braking, and steering). The driver must monitor the driving and be prepared to intervene immediately at any time if the automated system fails to respond properly. Level 3 (eyes off): The automated system takes full control of the vehicle (accelerating, braking, and steering). The driver must monitor the driving and be prepared to intervene immediately at any time if the automated system fails to respond properly. Level 4 (mind off): As level 3, but no driver attention is ever required for safety, e.g. the driver may safely go to sleep or leave the driver's seat. Level 5 (steering wheel optional): No human intervention is required at all. An example would be a robotic taxi.


Vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communication is the passing of information from a vehicle to any entity that may affect the vehicle, and vice versa.